A Mexican homebuilding company has agreed to a settlement that prohibits
its shares from being traded on the New York Stock Exchange after the
company overestimated revenues by $3.3 billion and fabricated data that
showed it had completed 100,000 in new home sales.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) claims that representatives
of Desarrolladora Homex SAB de CV purposefully falsified key data in an
internal accounting system that could be seen by shareholders. At the
time, the homebuilder was one of the largest in Mexico. The SEC claims
that over a three-year period, the homebuilder overstated revenues by
355% and falsified the number of homes sold by about 317 percent.
The company recorded excessive losses and ultimately filed for bankruptcy
protection under Mexican law in 2014. Now under new post-bankruptcy ownership,
Homex executives cooperated with the SEC’s Enforcement Division
in its investigation. The previous CEO and CFO are on unpaid leave, along
with other changes in management that were made by the new ownership.
Under terms of the agreement, Homex agreed to not offer any securities
in the U.S. for a period of five years and is enjoined from violating
any United States securities laws.
Officials were able to prove that the homebuilder never constructed the
tens of thousands of homes claimed through the use of satellite images
that showed vacant lots where the company claimed houses were being built.
The satellite images were from Guanajuato, Mexico, where Homex claimed
it sold and built homes through the end of 2011. Images used by the SEC,
however, detail a host of unfinished homes as well as empty lots as of
March 2012, and many of the homes reportedly sold were never constructed.
“As alleged in our complaint, Homex deprived its investors of accurate
and reliable financial results by reporting key numbers that were almost
completely made up,” said Stephanie Avakian, acting director of
the SEC’s Enforcement Division, in a statement. “The settlement
takes into account that the fraud occurred entirely under the watch of
prior ownership and management, the company’s new leaders provided
critical information regarding the full scope of the fraudulent conduct,
and the company continues to significantly cooperate with our ongoing
Despite the SEC’s acknowledgment of positive changes within the organization,
the company must still abide by established U.S. regulations. The SEC
has halted trading in America Depositary Shares of Homex. The homebuilding
company agreed to the settlement, without admitting or denying the charges
and is awaiting court approval.
According to Reuters, Homex issued a statement saying, "The company
will abide by the SEC resolution and continue to collaborate with the
Commission and will provide any information requested by the authority
relating to third parties."
Contact the author
Melissa L. Lucar for more information.